John Barrymore Inhaltsverzeichnis
John Barrymore war ein US-amerikanischer Schauspieler, der in den ersten Jahrzehnten des Jahrhunderts zu den erfolgreichsten und angesehensten US-Schauspielern zählte. Nachdem er als Theaterschauspieler am Broadway zur Berühmtheit gelangte. John Barrymore (eigentlich John Sidney Blyth; * Februar in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; † Mai in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein. John Drew Barrymore (eigentlich John Blyth Barrymore, Jr.; * 4. Juni in Beverly Hills, Kalifornien; † November in Los Angeles, Kalifornien) war ein. John (Sidney Blythe) Barrymore wurde am Februar in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) geboren. Sein Name steht für eine berühmte amerikanische. Perfekte John Barrymore Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger Bilder, die man nirgendwo.
John Barrymore tritt in dem Fall Der Hund der Baskervilles auf. Er ist Butler im Dienste von Sir. Perfekte John Barrymore Stock-Fotos und -Bilder sowie aktuelle Editorial-Aufnahmen von Getty Images. Download hochwertiger Bilder, die man nirgendwo. John (Sidney Blythe) Barrymore wurde am Februar in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania) geboren. Sein Name steht für eine berühmte amerikanische.
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Barrymore began to contact his family's theatrical connections to find work and approached Charles Frohman , who had been the producer of Captain Jinks and had also been an employer of Barrymore's mother Georgie a decade earlier.
Frohman thought that Barrymore had comedic potential but needed more experience before making a Broadway debut. Cleveland Theatre in October He first played the minor role of Lt.
Max von Wendlowski in Magda ,  and in November when the troupe produced Leah the Forsaken , he took the small part of Max, a village idiot with one spoken line.
A year later Barrymore appeared in his first Broadway production, in a small role in the comedy Glad of It , which only had a short run.
The critic for The Observer wrote that Barrymore "admirably seconded" Collier. When he returned to America, Barrymore appeared at the Criterion Theatre in a double bill of works by J.
Barrie ; he played a clown in Pantaloon opposite his brother, and Stephen Rollo in Alice Sit-by-the-Fire opposite his sister. Both plays ran for 81 performances from December , and then went on tour.
Ethel was angry with her brother and had the producers fire him from the show, but re-hire him the following day, to teach him a lesson.
Why doesn't young Barrymore imitate a real actor if he must copy someone. It was his longest-held role, running for performances until May , initially at the Gaiety Theatre in New York, and then on tour.
In mid Barrymore met socialite Katherine Corri Harris , and the couple married in September that year. Harris' father objected to the relationship and refused to attend the wedding.
According to Peters, Barrymore "began to think of his marriage as a 'bus accident ' ". Charles Darnton, a critic for The Evening World , observed that "Barrymore takes delight in 'kidding' his part not only to the limit, but perhaps beyond".
Barrymore may have appeared in his first films in In four short films, a cast member is listed as "Jack Barrymore"; this is probably John Barrymore, although Norden notes that "we may never know for certain if [these] are in fact Barrymore movies.
The films were produced by the Philadelphia-based Lubin Manufacturing Company and were lost in an explosion and fire at the Lubin vaults in Theatre, for a two-month run in Believe Me Xantippe.
When the film was released in January , Barrymore "delighted movie audiences with an inimitable light touch that made a conventional romance 'joyous'," writes Peters.
Except for The Incorrigible Dukane , all of these early films are presumed lost. Despite the film work and the higher fees he earned from it, Barrymore continued to seek stage work, and in January he played the lead in The Yellow Ticket at New York's Eltinge Theatre.
The role marked a departure from the light comedy of his previous performances, a result of Sheldon urging him to turn towards more dramatic parts.
The Yellow Ticket was not the breakthrough that Barrymore wanted. A few months before the outbreak of World War One, he took a vacation to Italy with Sheldon to enjoy a temporary break from his worsening marriage.
Barrymore spent the second half of making three films, including The Red Widow , which he called "the worst film I ever made" in his autobiography.
From early , Barrymore had been living apart from Katherine, and she sued for divorce in November The play and the two Barrymores were warmly regarded by the critics.
While their relationship began in secret, it became more open after Oelrichs' husband was commissioned into the army and then posted to France.
Barrymore's artistic development There is probably not another actor on our stage who has a temperament so fine and spiritual, an art so flexible and sure.
In , Barrymore portrayed a struggling lawyer in the film adaptation of the Broadway show Here Comes the Bride , which he followed with The Test of Honor.
The latter film marked his first straight dramatic role on screen after years of performing in comedy dramas. Hyde , playing the dual leading role , and the film was released in theaters the following year.
Conscious of the criticism of his vocal range, he underwent training with Margaret Carrington, the voice and diction trainer, to ensure he sounded right for the part, and the pair worked together daily for up to six hours a day for six weeks.
The Washington Herald observed that the audience were "held by the sheer power of Barrymore's performance", which was "remarkable for Although a commercial and critical success, the play closed after 31 performances when Barrymore collapsed, suffering a nervous breakdown.
He spent six weeks recuperating under the ministrations of his father's friend, wrestler William Muldoon , who ran a sanitarium. The play was a critical flop, although the presence of the siblings ensured that it ran for over 60 performances.
In October, Oelrichs returned to New York and Barrymore traveled to London to film the exterior scenes for his latest movie, Sherlock Holmes , in which he played the title role.
He then returned to New York to work on the film's interior scenes in January The film was released later that year  and was generally thought "a little dull and ponderous, with too many intertitles ",  although James W.
Dean of The Evening News of Harrisburg opined that "the personality of Barrymore is the film's transcendent quality".
Barrymore decided next to star in Hamlet on stage, with Arthur Hopkins directing. They spent six months preparing, cutting over 1, lines from the text as they did so, and Barrymore opted to play Hamlet as "a man's man", according to Norden.
Barrymore later described his Hamlet as a "normal, healthy, lusty young fellow who simply got into a mess that was too thick for him How can you make a sickly half-wit out of a man like that?
Woollcott, writing for the New York Herald , opined that it was "an evening that will be memorable in the history of the American theater".
Barrymore and Hopkins decided to end the run at performances, just breaking the record of one hundred by Edwin Booth , before the play closed in February News of Barrymore's success in Hamlet piqued the interest of Warner Bros.
He later said: "The right side of my face looks like a fried egg. The left side has features that are to be found in almost any normal anthropological specimen, and those are the apples I try to keep on top of the barrel.
In February , Barrymore staged Hamlet in London at the Haymarket Theatre, which the Manchester Guardian later said had "the most memorable first night for years".
Yet Barrymore At the end of this run of Hamlet , Barrymore traveled to Paris, where Oelrichs had stayed during his residence in London, but the reunion was not a happy one and the couple argued frequently.
This was one of the biggest money-makers of the year for Warner Bros. He later said that "I fell in love with her instantly.
This time I knew I was right", and the couple began an affair. Costello's father was angered by the relationship, but his complaints were ignored by both Costello and her mother: Costello's parents separated and were divorced as a result.
As filming finished on The Sea Beast , work began on Don Juan , the first feature-length film with synchronized Vitaphone sound effects and a musical soundtrack.
Warner , the film's producer, signed Astor. For the next three years, according to Morrison, he "enjoyed unprecedented prosperity and spent lavishly".
Critic and essayist Stark Young wrote in The New Republic that Barrymore's films were "rotten, vulgar, empty, in bad taste, dishonest, noisome with a silly and unwholesome exhibitionism, and odious with a kind of stale and degenerate studio adolescence.
Their appeal is cheap, cynical and specious". Barrymore and Costello married in November that year; their daughter, Dolores, was born in April and a son, John Drew Barrymore , followed in June By the late s, sound films had become common, following the sensation, The Jazz Singer.
Actors with trained voices were in demand by the studios, and Barrymore was offered a five-film deal with Warner Bros.
Peters thinks little of the film, describing it as "a seesaw between the cosmic and the comic, a travesty of Melville as well as a silly film all on its own".
The following year, Barrymore played the title role of a manipulative voice coach in Svengali , opposite Marian Marsh.
Martin Dickstein, the critic for the Brooklyn Daily Eagle , wrote that Barrymore "registers a personal triumph in the role", calling his performance "brilliant In The New York Times , Hall called Barrymore's performance "admirable" and wrote that "it is a pleasure to see [him] again in something in a lighter vein.
Critical opinion of Barrymore's acting was divided; John Gilbert 's biographer Eve Golden refers to Barrymore as seeming "more like Film scholar Daniel Bernardi later noted the humanism demonstrated between Barrymore's character and his family, particularly the "close bond" between father and daughter.
Peters notes the "dissipation of the once ascetic face, a dissipation only underlined by the studio's attempt to reconstruct with lights, filters and make-up a spiritual beauty that had been corrupted.
The New Yorker thought the three Barrymores had produced their worst work. The year was a busy one for Barrymore, and his decline began to be evident.
He appeared in five films during the year, including as a meek schoolteacher-turned-businessman in Topaze , opposite Myrna Loy , and Dinner at Eight , with Lionel.
During filming he struggled to remember his lines for even small scenes. Filming was stopped on one occasion after more than 25 takes when he struggled to recall the right lines; it was a problem with which he began to suffer regularly.
He underwent screen tests and hired Carrington to act as vocal coach again, but during one session, his memory failed him again, and the project was eventually scrapped.
In the latter film, Barrymore played madcap Broadway impresario Oscar Jaffe, a role in which he demonstrated a "rare genius as a comedian".
Morrison writes that the portrayal was one "that many consider to be his finest contribution to film".
In May , Barrymore was filming Hat, Coat and Glove for RKO when, during the filming of one scene, he again forgot his lines and even the name of his character.
Filming was postponed until the following day, but the result was the same. After he took a break for a few days, he returned to the set, but he still could not remember any of the script, and RKO replaced him with Ricardo Cortez.
Costello confirmed that his drinking over the previous two years had worsened, and she described him as a "hopeless alcoholic". A year-old fan, Elaine Jacobs , visited him, and the two became good friends.
On his release from the hospital, her mother invited him to recuperate at their house. She changed her name to Elaine Barrie, which she explained was to get "as near to Barrymore as I dared", and they began a relationship.
The relationship was widely reported in the tabloid press , who labeled the couple Caliban and Ariel. Costello filed for divorce, but after a series of arguments with Barrie, Barrymore considered the relationship with Barrie to be at an end, and he left for Los Angeles.
A newspaper editor chartered a plane and flew Barrie to Chicago, to meet Barrymore's train; she broadcast a plea for him to return, and her pursuit became national news.
Morrison thinks that the headlines established a new reputation for Barrymore of "the aging satyr, the has-been alcoholic, the much-married ham".
This was a blow to his self-respect, but he faced his troubles "with aplomb and a sense of humor", according to Morrison.
Barrymore's alcohol dependence meant most studios were unwilling to employ him, but MGM risked casting him in the role of Mercutio in their film Romeo and Juliet.
To minimize disruption to the schedule, the studio put Barrymore in Kelley's Rest Home, a sanatorium for alcoholics, but he continued to drink covertly and was disruptive on set.
Basil Rathbone , who was playing Tybalt , later recounted that "he was drinking and unreliable on the set It was sad to see him in such a state.
Some critics, such as Welford Beaton of the Hollywood Spectator , thought "Barrymore is an acting gem",  although Gielgud was uncomplimentary, writing to Peggy Ashcroft that "Barrymore, who is like a monstrous old male impersonator jumping through a hoop, should really have been shot.
Word about Barrymore's problems on and off the set spread around the industry, and he did not work on another film for over a year, when he had a supporting role in the musical film Maytime.
His divorce from Costello was finalized in October , and he married Barrie in November the same year. Barrymore decided to work on more Shakespeare roles.
The first program was Hamlet , which was well received by critics. The New York Times commented that "Shakespeare's lines uttered dramatically by the voice of John Barrymore sweep through the 'ether' with a sound of finality; it seems that they are his words and no one else could speak them with such lifelike force".
Throughout the NBC series, Barrymore had been reliable, sober and responsible, and the studios reacted positively with offers of work.
This led to appearances in nine films in and , including as Colonel Nielson in three Bulldog Drummond films, and roles in True Confession and Marie Antoinette.
His memory was still problematic, and he used cue cards as an aid; his fellow actors and the directors of the films were sympathetic to his condition.
When he filmed his last serious role, Gregory Vance in the film The Great Man Votes , the director, Garson Kanin , ensured that the cast and crew addressed him as "Mr.
Barrymore" as a mark of respect. Barrymore and his wife both appeared in supporting roles in the screwball comedy Midnight , her only film role.
The New York Times thought the film was "one of the liveliest, gayest, wittiest and naughtiest comedies of a long hard season" and that Barrymore, "the [Lou] Gehrig of eye-brow batting, rolls his phrases with his usual richly humorous effect".
He played the lead role, Allan Manville, an ageing hammy Shakespearean has-been. In some points the new additions were an improvement, but he also greeted friends in the audience, and used profanities freely.
Im Testament werden er und seine Frau mit je Pfund bedacht. Diese Erbschaft macht sie durchaus zu Verdächtigen im Todesfall ihres Herrn.
Auch dass sie nun nicht länger auf Baskerville Hall bleiben möchten, als Sir Henry Baskerville , der Neffe des Verstorbenen, sein Erbe antritt, macht einen eher seltsamen Eindruck.
Sir Henry wird von Dr. Watson nach Baskerville Hall begleitet, da der junge Baskerville in London bereits eine Warnung erhielt und eine grauenhafte Legende von Gefahren für jeden Erben des Baskerville-Vermögens erzählt.
Als sie ihn zur Rede stellen, erfahren sie, dass Barrymore und seine Frau einem flüchtigen Sträfling helfen, der in verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen zu ihnen steht.
Man entscheidet, die beiden nicht anzuzeigen und als sich das Problem auf grauenhafte Weise von selber löst und die Legende um den Hund der Baskervilles als Inzenierung aufgedeckt wird, bleiben John und Eliza auf Baskerville Hall.
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